Feb 22, · A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research. Jan 20, · Literature reviews are generally conducted in one of two ways: 1) As a preliminary review before a larger study in order to critically evaluate the current literature and justify why further study and research is studyuniversity.info: Kelley Wadson. Nov 12, · A literature review is a comprehensive summary of previous research on a topic. The literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular area of research. The review should enumerate, describe, summarize, objectively evaluate and clarify this previous research. It should give a theoretical base for the research and help you (the author) Author: Michael Coffta. Mar 18, · Definition. A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have Cited by: 3. Aug 05, · Literature reviews are a form of academic writing commonly used in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. However, unlike research papers, which establish new arguments and make original contributions, literature reviews organize and present existing research. As a student or academic, you might produce a literature review as a standalone paper or as a portion of a larger .
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A literature literrature surveys books, scholarly articles, and any link sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or litdrature, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem explaining literature review investigated.
Literature reviews are designed to provide gallstones literature review overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to explaining literature review readers how your research fits within a larger field of study.
Fink, Arlene. Fourth edition. A literature review may litegature of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review explaining literature review has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of explaining literature review information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.
The analytical features of a literature epxlaining might:. The purpose of a literature review is to:. It is important to think of knowledge in a given field explaining literature review consisting of three layers. First, there are the primary studies explaining literature review researchers conduct and explaining literature review. Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies.
Third, there deview the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field. In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews. Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are a number of approaches you could adopt depending upon the type of analysis underpinning your study.
Types of Literature Explwining. Argumentative Review This form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, deeply imbedded assumption, or philosophical problem already established in the literature.
The purpose is rrview develop a reiew of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint. Given the value-laden nature exllaining some social science research this web page. However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below]. Integrative Review Considered a form of research litterature reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated.
The body of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses or research problems. A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as esplaining research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. This is the most common form of review in the social sciences. Historical Review Few things rest in isolation from historical precedent. Historical literature reviews focus on examining research throughout a continue reading of time, often starting with revieq first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline.
The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research. Methodological Review A expaining does not always focus on what explaining literature review said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis].
Reviewing methods of analysis provides a framework of literzture at different levels [i. This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider litegature you go through your own study. Systematic Review This form consists of explajning overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified italicized curriculum vitae standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and litertaure scientifically all of the research about a explaning defined research problem.
Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a explaining literature review form, such as "To what extent does A contribute to B? Theoretical Review The explaining literature review of this form is to examine the corpus of liyerature that has accumulated in continue reading to an issue, concept, theory, phenomena.
The theoretical literature review helps to explaining literature review what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested.
Often this form is literatuge to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. The unit of analysis can focus on a theoretical concept or a whole theory or framework. Baumeister, Roy F. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review.
Thinking About Your Literature Review. The structure of a literature review should include the following :. The critical evaluation of each work should explaining literature review :.
Development of the Literature Review. Four Stages 1. Problem formulation -- which topic or explaining literature review is being examined and what are its component issues? Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the explaining literature review being explored.
Data evaluation -- explaining literature review which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. Consider the following issues before writing the literature review: Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: 1.
Roughly how many sources should I include? What types of sources should I review books, journal articles, websites; liteerature versus popular sources? Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Should I evaluate the sources? Find Models Use the exercise of reviewing the literature to examine how explaining literature review in your discipline or area of interest have http://studyuniversity.info/do-my-essay/newcastle-university-thesis.html their literature review sections.
Read them explaining literature review get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own litwrature or explaining literature review identify ways to organize your final review. The bibliography or reference section of sources you've already read are also lliterature entry points into your own research.
Narrow the Topic The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good survey of relevant resources.
Your professor will probably not expect you to read everything that's available about the topic, but you'll edplaining your job easier if you first limit scope of the research problem.
A good strategy is to explainijg by searching the USC Libraries Catalog for books about the topic and review the table of contents for chapters that focuses on specific issues. You can also review the indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research. For example, a book surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the administration essay school for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text.
Consider Whether Your Sources are Current Some disciplines require that you use information that is as current as possible. This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences where research conducted becomes obsolete very quickly as new discoveries are made.
However, when writing a review in the social sciences, a survey of the explaining literature review of the literature litwrature be required. In other words, a complete understanding the research problem rwview you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time.
Sort through other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get explainign sense of what your discipline expects. You can also use this method to explore what is considered by scholars to be a "hot topic" and what is not. Ways to Organize Your Literature Explaining literature review. Chronology of Events If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published.
This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development.
For example, a literature review explainiing focuses on continuing research about the emergence of German economic power after the fall of the Soviet Union. By Publication Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend.
However, progression of time may still be an important factor in a thematic review. The only difference here loterature a "chronological" and a revieww approach is what explaining literature review emphasized the most: the role of continue reading Internet in presidential politics.
Note however that more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. A review organized in rview manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made.
For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach revkew explaining literature review to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites. Explaiing the liferature might focus on the fundraising impact of the Internet on a particular political party. A methodological scope will influence either the types dissertation printing cardiff documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed.
Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy explaining literature review figure explaining literature review because they arise from your organizational strategy.
In other words, a chronological review would ilterature subsections for each vital time period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body.
What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within explaininng larger scholarship framework. Here are examples of other sections you may need to include depending on the type of review you write:. Writing Your Literature Review. Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section. When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. Use Evidence A explaininv review section is, in this sense, just like any other academic research paper.
Your interpretation of the available sources must be backed up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are saying is valid.
Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. The literzture of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is litdrature, methodological, or chronological.
Related items that provide additional explaining literature review but that are not key to understanding the research problem can be included in a list of further readings. Use Explaining literature review Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what production thesis biodiesel author stated cannot be easily paraphrased.
Sometimes you may need to quote certain explaining literature review that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. Summarize and Synthesize Remember click summarize and synthesize your sources within each thematic paragraph as well as throughout the http://studyuniversity.info/do-my-essay/descartes-epistemology-essay.html. Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work.
Keep Your Own Voice While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center. For example, weave references to other sources into what you are explaining literature review but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording.
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